Still a bit new to PhotonOS. But it’s getting more and more that I use PhotonOS for deploying things with, like CSE for VCD.
I always struggle with the basics, even though I know a bit about Linux and Unix. So here is come quick tips on
- First login
When the VM is deployed you can now login to it with root and password “changeme”. It will then require you to change the password to something else.
You can view network interfaces with networkctrl and IP a to show what is already configured.
If you want to set it to a static ip you have to create a new config file.
cat > /etc/systemd/network/10-static-eth0.network << "EOF" [Match] Name=eth0 [Network] Address=172.16.4.225/24 Gateway=172.16.4.1 DNS=172.16.4.10 Domains=home.lab EOF
After the file has been created you can set the correct permissions and restart the network and resolver. If you skip the chmod you will probably see a fail in network reboot due to the system not being able to read the new file
chmod 644 /etc/systemd/network/10-static-eth0.network systemctl restart systemd-networkd systemdctl restart systemd-resolved
When you want to connect to PhotonOS with a password but also have either your pageant or native ssh console running you will try to authenticate with a public/private key. If your key is not added to the server you will get a “Too many failed authentications”. To get around this you can use a parameter.
ssh -o PreferredAuthentications=password -o PubkeyAuthentication=no <hostname>
This will then make authentication with a password.
Forgot root password
If you forgot the root password and need to reset it you can do the following.
- reboot and press “e” to enter the grub boot loader. add the line rw init=/bin/bash shown on the screenshot. Press F10 to boot
2. You should now be in a shell on the system, from here you can run passwd
3. Unmount / and reboot the system
umount / reboot -f
Disable password history
If you encounter the problem of trying to reset the password but the password you want to set says: Password has been already used. Choose another.
You can disable this by editing the /etc/pam.d/system-password.
By changing ‘remember ‘ from 5 to 0 we can disable the remember password count and reset the root password.
Paste into PhotonOS PuTTy session
When using vi there is a “bug” that prevents you from normal paste with right-click. To workaround this you need to write :set mouse= in vi command mode. After done you can not use paste with right-click.
Shift+Ins might be also used to paste on PuTTY.
Some apps running in PhotonOS are very time-sensitive, vcda is one of them. use watch -n 0,1 date on each of the appliances that need to communicate and verify that time is not skewed.
If you need to set up NTP post-deployment you can do as follows. Edit the timesyncd.conf file with a text editor such as vi:
In the [Time] section edit the NTP entry with the correct NTP server address:
#FallbackNTP=time1.google.com time2.google.com time3.google.com time4.google.com
After having put in the NTP server you want to use restart the network and time sync service
systemctl restart systemd-networkd systemctl restart systemd-timesyncd
Verify that the time on the appliance is now synchronizing with the NTP server.
Further troubleshooting is to see if the NTP service is running
systemctl status systemd-timesyncd